Sleep disorders are conditions that prevent a person from getting restful sleep. There are approximately 80 different types of sleep disorders, the most significant being insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and narcolepsy. Excessive daytime sleepiness, difficulty falling sleeping and abnormal sleep behaviours are just some of the symptoms of sleep disorders.
The following pages share information about sleep disorders – more specifically how lack of sleep can affect your health as well as how much sleep is recommended for different age groups. To learn more about the tests used to determine whether you have a sleep disorder, see Diagnosis.
If you are suffering from sleeping problems, this section also provides information about treatment options and tips for healthy sleep habits to allow you to make healthier decisions for you and your family.
Sleep disorders are conditions that prevent a person from getting restful sleep. Excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep, difficulty sleeping and abnormal sleep behaviours are signs of sleep disorders. There are approximately 80 different types of sleep disorders, the most significant types being insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and narcolepsy.
Sleep can often be a barometer of your overall health. In many cases, people in good health tend to sleep well, whereas those suffering from recurring sleeping problems might have an underlying health condition, be it minor or serious. With accurate diagnosis, most sleep disorders can be easily managed.
Sleep is absolutely essential for normal, healthy function. Even minimal sleep loss can take a toll on your mood, energy, efficiency, and ability to handle stress. The amount of sleep that a person needs to function optimally depends on several factors, including age. Infants require about 16 hours of sleep a day; teenagers should have approximately 9 hours a day; and adults need an average of 7 to 8 hours a day. Ignoring sleep problems and disorders can lead to poor health, accidents, impaired job performance, and relationship stress. If you want to stay healthy and feel your best – sleep is a necessity, not a luxury.
If you struggle when it comes to sleep, keeping a diary that tracks your sleep patterns and symptoms can be a great starting point. By gaining insight into your personal sleep habits, you can learn to make healthy changes to your day time and bed time routine. If you still need help finding ways to improve your sleep, a sleep specialist can identify any underlying factors that may be causing your sleep problems.
According to Cleveland Clinic , there are approximately 80 different types of sleep disorders, which include night terrors, sleep walking and bed-wetting. However, the four most common sleep disorders are:
If you suspect that you may have a sleep disorder, see your doctor. He or she will begin with a complete medical history, perform a physical exam, ask about your symptoms and document your sleep history. Your doctor may also ask you to keep a sleep diary for a number of weeks to bring to your next appointment.
During the diagnostic period your doctor may order one or more of several tests to further identify the type of sleep disorder you have. These tests help doctors determine which treatment will be most effective for your condition:
There are many approaches to effectively treat sleep disorders. Your doctor will prescribe treatment based on the type of disorder you have. Your treatment may include:
Regardless of your sleep problems, following healthy sleep habits can help you to dramatically improve your sleep. Try making these simple changes to your daytime and pre-bedtime routine:
Sleep is essential to a child’s growth, development and emotional wellbeing. Yet sleeping difficulties are some of the most common problems parents face with their kids. Here are some tips on how to improve your child’s sleep: