High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause serious health problems. High blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths worldwide, about 12.8% of the total of all deaths according to the World Health Organization . It is also a major risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke. High blood pressure is especially dangerous because there are rarely any signs or symptoms to indicate you have it, meaning it typically develops over many years. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to manage it. This section on high blood pressure has all the information you need to understand and control your blood pressure. Learn all about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, as well as what your blood pressure numbers mean. You can even discover small but effective lifestyle changes you can make to manage your blood pressure and stay well.
One of the most dangerous aspects of high blood pressure is that you may not know that you have it. In fact, you can have high blood pressure for years without knowing it. This is because high blood pressure itself usually has no signs or symptoms. Rarely, dull headaches or dizzy spells may occur. The only way to know if your blood pressure is high is through regular checkups.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. High blood pressure means that your heart is working far beyond its capacity to pump blood through your body. This extra work can result in a weaker heart muscle an
To diagnose high blood pressure, a doctor will wrap an inflatable cuff with a pressure gauge around your arm to squeeze the blood vessels. The gauge will then give a blood pressure reading that can determine whether or not you have high blood pressure. For more information about what your blood pressure reading means, see Blood Pressure Numbers. To prevent a false high reading
High blood pressure is treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The goal of high blood pressure treatment is to lower blood pressure and protect important organs, like the brain, heart, and kidneys from damage. Most people who have high blood pressure will need lifelong treatment. Sticking to your treatment plan is extremely important, as it can help you live a healthier
These lifestyle changes can help you both prevent and control high blood pressure: Eat healthy foods: Eating healthfully can help keep your blood pressure down. Eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, which provide nutrients such as potassium and fiber. Also, eat foods that are low in salt, saturated fat and cholesterol. If you’d like a more detailed guide, try the D
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